11+ Verbal Reasoning
Type 13 – Create the middle word from outside words
In this question type you are asked to fill the space in the second set of brackets by creating the missing word in the same way that the word has been created in the first set of brackets.
Look at this example and then we can work our way through the question until we get the answer: -
(For ease of learning we have marked the important parts of this explanation in RED.)
In each of the following questions the three words in the right hand group go together in the same way as those in the left hand group.
Find the missing word that fits into the second set of brackets.
cat ( sat ) soon car ( ? ) ball
We need to start by looking carefully at the word inside the first set of brackets.
cat ( sat ) soon
We must ask ourselves how this word is created using some of the letters from the words cat and soon. It is important to note that sat has three letters so our answer must have only three letters.
Work systemically starting with the letter s from sat.
s is the first letter of soon (the word after the brackets) so the first letter that we need for our answer must be the first letter of ball (the word after the brackets where the answer is written.)
Our first letter is b.
Now take the a from sat.
a is the second letter of cat (the word before the brackets) so the second letter that we need for our answer must be the second letter of car (the word before the brackets where the answer is written.)
Our second letter is a.
Now take the t from sat.
t is the third letter of cat (the word before the brackets) so the third letter that we need for our answer must be the third letter of car (the word after the brackets where the answer is written.)
Our third letter is r.
So the correct answer is:-
cat ( sat ) soon car ( bar ) ball
THINGS TO LOOK OUT FOR!!!!
Always start by counting how many letters are in the word contained in the left-hand set of brackets as your answer in the right-hand set of brackets must contain the same number of letters.
Make sure that you work systemically starting with the first letter of the word in the
left-hand set of brackets.
Then move to the second letter and so on until you have completed the new word that goes in the right-hand set of brackets.
If you work systemically and make sure that you create the new word, that goes in the right-hand set of brackets, in exactly the same way as the word in the left-hand set of brackets has been created you should be able to get this question type correct every time.
If you are still not sure about the method, take more time and look again at the example above.
NB When you are completing a Verbal Reasoning test in Multiple-Choice format the correct answer will always be one of the choices that you are given on your answer sheet. If your answer does not match one of the answers that you are given then your answer is wrong.